These pages describe our research into measurement of cardiac output using lithium dilution and pulse contour analysis methods; they also provide some background information.

We gratefully acknowledge the contribution of those who have taken part in this research - see list of publications.

Robert Linton
Nick Linton

To aid your navigating, here is a short summary of what is under the titles:

Cardiac Output

Indicator Dilution

Lithium Dilution Cardiac Output (LDCO)

Clinical Studies

Laboratory Studies


Pulse Contour Cardiac Output (PCO)